Gastric Bypass means creating a passageway from the stomach to the intestines in general surgery. It is a method applied in various diseases blocking the gastric outlet. Gastric Bypass, as used in obesity surgery, is a surgical method in which most of the stomach is disabled and the food taken is digested by using almost only half of the intestines.
To Whom is Gastric By-Pass Surgery Applied?
Gastric Bypass can be applied to patients who are obese and cannot lose weight or who have weight-related complaints such as insulin resistance and joint disease. Although it was the most frequently applied surgical method until five years ago, the frequency of its application has decreased as sleeve gastrectomy became more popular. It is now applied as a second operation (revision surgery) in patients who gain weight again after sleeve gastrectomy
How is Gastric By-Pass Surgery Performed?
The entire procedure is carried out by the laparoscopic (closed) surgery method. Laparoscopic surgery is done by performing a large number of small incisions. The ports placed from these incisions are utilized to reach the abdomen with hand tools. One is for the introduction of surgical telescopes and others are for specialized surgical instruments attached to a video camera. The surgeon watches the operation on a video monitor. Due to his/her experience, an experienced laparoscopic surgeon can perform many procedures laparoscopically, just like in open surgery.